History of Makassar: The Capital City of The Province of South Sulawesi


The center of their place is Makassar, the capital town of this state of South Sulawesi. The Makassar also live in the Konjo highlands, the coastal areas, and the Selayar and Spermo islands, who speak the language of Makassar, which has three dialects Gowa: (Goa, Lakiung), Turatea (Jeneponto), Maros-Pangkep. The Makasar language is part of a larger linguistic grouping called the Makasar, which also includes the Konjo Pesisir (Konjo-coastal), Konjo Pegunungan (Konjo Highland), Selayar, Bentong, and Selayar.

History of Makassar

In accordance with traditions that are written, there certainly are also a range of small Makassar principalities from the fourteenth century.  A celestial princess (tumanurung) has been thought to have descended from paradise throughout the year 1400. She’s thought to have established the kingdom of Gowa, that has been predicated on a confederation of the last small principalities.  Through this and several similar myths in South Sulawesi obviously show an Indian Influence, the effect of Hinduism on Makassar civilization was relatively slight.  Gowa’s political arrangement was purely hierarchical, together with all the king presiding over Councils of inferior rulers, ministers, along with several other functionaries.  Political relationships with neighboring kingdoms, such as the Bugis, were prolonged through the intermarriage of one of the ruling noble households.

In 1669 the Dutch seized the funds Gowa; however, rebellions and piracy lasted until 1906, once the colonial troops defeated the interior areas and murdered the king of Gowa.  Under colonial rule and after Indonesia gained autonomy (1949), nobles were integrated into the ideology. Nowadays, many Makassar nobles, who the local inhabitants still consider individuals of a more outstanding order, occupy prominent political positions from the rural areas.  In the span of history, the Makassar have created colonies across many coasts around Indonesia.  Main cultural changes were caused by the spread of Islam (which came on the peninsula in 1605). From the rise of the town of Ujung Pandang (throughout the past decades of the century), a Western-oriented lifestyle is presently becoming dominant.

What Are Their Lives Like?

The principal source of income one of the Makassar is rice farming nonetheless, they’re also well-known throughout Indonesia because of their ability to gamble and as addicts.  Their homes are usually built on stilts, two inches over the floor.  Makassar homes from the northeast and shore areas are near one another and people in the hills have been distributed.  The sailors living on the shores build their homes in rows facing the ocean or the principal street.  Villages such as these are referred to as kampung pajjaku (sailors villages). Every village usually has a center (Pecci tana) which previously had been considered a sacred area, marked with a sacred (banyan) tree)  Division of labour among the Makassar is rigorous due to the stiff separation of the genders. Men are accountable for things away from home like farming, functioning the plows, and carrying rice packs following the crop. The family duties are delegated to girls. The guy leads the household structure. The spouse and kids have to show respect to the head of their family while they’re in public. Final decisions regarding the household are constantly the husband’s duty.

In rural places, unions are still arranged by both parents or near relatives. Communication between the potential bride and groom is strictly illegal. Polygamy (having multiple wives) is recognized; nonetheless, it’s simply practiced by one of the wealthy as an individual home has to be offered for each individual. Siri (honor and respect) is your societal code where the Makassar reside. Anyone seriously violating another individual’s siri runs the possibility of being murdered and the government will frequently refuse to become concerned. The Makassar often work together with their neighbors on issues of mutual concern, such as construction homes and working in the rice areas. They also collect for occasions of celebrations, like weddings and birthdays.

What Are Their Beliefs?

The Makassar are nearly all Muslim. Yet traditional beliefs continue to be powerful, particularly in remote places. They assert faith in gods and ancestral spirits, providing ritual offerings in an essential manner. They consider the ancestral souls to have an immediate effect on their everyday lives.

What Are Their Needs?

The Makassar require training to raise their agricultural production. Medical staff and nutritional advice are also required since nutrition is a frequent issue for those residing in rural places.

Vacation is more than just the accommodation, it’s about making long-lasting memories. Discover more adventures in Makassar by visiting Wonderful Indonesia

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6 Things Why Traveler Should Visit Makassar, Indonesia


Makassar is the greatest city on Sulawesi Island, also has been the dominant center of commerce in southern Indonesia since the 16th century. Initially dominated by seafaring sultans and celebrity princes, Makassar proceeded to become the center of the spice trade. Now, its historical roads weave by way of a sunken town on the cusp of modernization. There are loads of reasons visiting Makassar would probably be unlike any other destination you have already been to. Here are six reasons Makassar is the ideal place you have never discovered.

1. Since You’re the only tourist where you go

We had the opportunity to venture outside and explore the town independently. I make it seem as though I had a selection. However, this area is indeed ulu that tour guides don’t exist. And I could not have been happier.

Seeing a town then whining everywhere is overly touristy is similar to seeing USS and stating you need someplace which resembles a park. Travelers nowadays are looking for more authentic regional experiences, and Makassar provides precisely that. You can not visit tourist traps even in case you would like to since there are not any.

It wasterrificg to locate ourselves as the sole tourists where we moved. No rowdy tour excursion are interrupting the calmness of the second. No arbitrary vacationers are bumbling to your photographs. It was just like being on our very own personal vacation together with the town of Makassar enjoying the host. We were not just traveling. We had an experience.

2. Enrich a new language

Aside from hotel employees, English literacy amounts here wind at “Yes” and “No more”. You can not simply take the easy way out since there is not any. To get around, you need to speak the local dialect. Talking Bahasa Indonesia anywhere we went, we struggled. However, this only resulted in a deeper degree of immersion within their own culture, improving our traveling encounter.

As a Singaporean you likely know a little Bahasa previously –“lagi(longer )”,”habis(finish )””bagus(great )””boleh(may )””cepat(quickly )””cantik(fairly )”. Publish a listing of a couple of common phrases such as”Berapa? (how much?)” And take it anywhere you go.

TSL Tip: Amounts are the most crucial so that you understand just what you’re paying. Organize costs before paying for all. We were ripped away at any stage since we did not. However, this didn’t dampen our expertise of Makassar, just only one piece. There’ll be opportunists anywhere you go. You must travel intelligently.

3. Riding becak

If you remain in the town, both chief attractions here Fort Rotterdam and also Losari shore are only a brief becak trip. A becak is that version of the trishaw, and it certainly beats sitting at a stuffy cab. Becak Costs: Even a 10-minute journey costs between SGD 1 to SGD 2.

4. To go to the historical Fort Rotterdam

There are a couple of museums set here priced at around $1+SGD, which is going to teach you about Makassar along with her folks. Several locals here employ this place as a chill-out zone, plus they attempted to converse together in Japanese. I began to wonder if it was the last moment a Singaporean arrived.

Entry into Fort Rotterdam is”liberated”, together with the cost being in the kind of a hint of your favorite amount. It was here we discovered precisely how large the learning culture is in Indonesia. You are likely to tip to all help you get. The hints aren’t tiny. So either be ready to cover or firmly deny all the support from manuals.

5. To find the floating mosque

Losari shore or “Pantai (shore) Losari” includes a playful stretch of action bursting with locals. Even though it’s over the beach, there’s no direct access to the shore, so it’s a boardwalk. The vital landmark here needs to function as a floating mosque that seems from several angles as floating on the ground.

All around Losari Beach, you will observe families collecting, kids playing with remote control cars, snake charmers, and all kinds of food sellers. It is where vacationers come to unwind. Keep a watch for”pisang epe” here, a conventional Makassar food produced from bananas. Also, keep an eye out for your Hollywood-esque signage and town statutes.

6. Stop by the Kampong alongside the town

Pasir Putih is an island that is a 15-minute boat trip from Losari shore. It’s so unknown that the internet doesn’t know it is present. Fans likely turn the offer down to see this island out of promoters in Losari Beach since they can not talk Bahasa Indonesia nicely enough to comprehend. This juxtaposition of town and kampong reminded me of Pulau Ubin, except that there is a flourishing kampong community in addition to free-roaming farm critters.

Are you planning to visit Makassar soon? Find out more about Makassar and Indonesia by visiting Wonderful Indonesia.

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Holiday Resort Lombok : Nearby Attraction That You Must Try  


Holiday Resort Lombok is far perfect for vacations and ideally suited for families with youngsters. It’s calm and nestled within a pristine beach in Mangsit village around the island’s west coast surrounded by abundant lush green scenery and subtropical mountains. It has an extremely strategic location where Central of all Senggigi is only a 5-minute away in the resort.

Tourist spots like Senggigi beach, port visiting Gili Island, the bus going to the airport, etc. can also be reached in 5-10 minutes. Holiday Resort Lombok offers comfort and at precisely the time accessibility. Besides, they can also arrange excursions to Gili Island. Below are a few nearby attractions in Holiday Resort Lombok.

Gili Air

Gili Air is the second smallest of these Gili islands and the nearest to mainland Lombok, making it popular with honeymoon travellers and couples seeking a quiet escape. It has a population of approximately 1,800. The rapid evolution of the islands now causes continued investment in tourism and every year sees new resorts and lodging on the islands while attempting to keep their character. Proximity to Gili Meno, the smallest and most scenic of the islands and into Gili Trawangan the biggest island, known for its restaurants and parties, which makes Gili Air a beautiful destination that combines relative seclusion with adequate services. Both other Islands are a fast boat ride away.

Gili Trawangan

Gili Trawangan is the largest of Lombok‘s Gili Islands and also the only one to grow significantly (30 m) above sea level. The name Trawangan originates from the Indonesian word Terowongan (Tunnel) because of the existence of a cave tunnel assembled there during the Japanese occupation in World War 2. The main focus of settlement, recreation, lodging and diving business is situated on the eastern side of this island. About Gili Trawangan (as well as the other two Gilis), there are no motorised vehicles. The key means of transportation are bicycles (leased by sailors for tourists) and cidomo (a small horse-drawn carriage). For travelling to and from each of those Gilis, locals typically use motorised boats and speedboats.

Gili Meno

Gili Meno is at the centre of Lombok’s three shore coast Gilis. Gili Meno has a population of approximately 500, mostly concentrated on the middle of the island. The primary income comes from tourism, coconut farms and fishing. On the west part of the island, there’s a tiny shallow lake that generates salt from the rainy season. Until a few years ago there was also a small production of seaweed on the reef in the north end of the island. Gili Meno has swimming beaches around the island along with a turtle sanctuary. The island also attracts fewer tourists than Gili Trawangan and is the quietest and smallest of all the islands. However, honeymooners are usually drawn to the crystal clear water along with relaxing, secluded white beaches.

Pura Batu Bolong

Pura Batu Bolong is now Lombok’s most appealing Hindu temple and especially lovely. Combine an ever-welcoming Balinese neighbourhood as they leave offerings in the 14 altars and pagodas that fall down a rocky underwater outcrop in the foaming sea roughly 2 km south of central Senggigi. The stone underneath the temple includes a natural gap, hence the name (Batu bolong literally means ‘stone with the hole’).

Whether your trips take you to a long stroll on beaches, delicious cuisines, relaxing spas and resorts or urban attractions, extra research will give you the best experience for your visit. Get to know more about the attractions of Lombok by visiting Wonderful Indonesia.

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Everything You Must Know About Yogyakarta Airport


Would you need to learn how to get to Yogyakarta city centre (from Yogyakarta global airport) without having to be concerned about scams? This thing may have crossed your mind. Don’t worry my friends. Adisucipto International Airport of Yogyakarta Airport is one of the most friendly airports in Indonesia. Yogyakarta Airport is the third Largest airport in Java (Later Soekarno–Hatta International Airport at Jakarta and Juanda International Airport (SUB) in Surabaya). Because Yogyakarta is among the most visited towns in Indonesia, the airport is so active. We will share with you seven facts and tips about Yogyakarta Airport. We expect it will give you more confidence to make a holiday in Yogyakarta.

Airports in Yogyakarta

Yogyakarta airport (code: JOG) is located in the eastern region of the town and approximately 6 km from the town centre. It is quite excellent to examine the arrival and departure information. There are two terminals in JOG airport, terminal A and terminal B. The distance between the terminals would be 300 meters. They have a shuttle bus, but it is easier to walk from one terminal to another terminal if you don’t carry a great deal of stuff.

There’s another airport in Yogya (in Kulon Progo). This airport is not yet completely operational. The official name of the airport would be Yogyakarta International Airport (code: YIA). This airport is situated 45 km from the city centre. It takes 1,5-2 hours to drive in the new airport in Kulon Progo of Yogya into the city centre.

Taxi Counter

The cab counter speed is good, but they’re usually 30 per cent more expensive than a regular taxi with a meter. For example: If you are likely to Prawirotaman place, a regular cab with a meter will cost you. You will be charged by A taxi from the taxi counter. So it’s simply more expensive. It is possible to walk a little bit to the passing area and get a cab from there if you’re looking for a taxi with a meter. Or you’ll be able to walk outside the airport (either pass on the tube or cross the railroad) and get a cab on the highway.

Damri Bus

You can get a Damri bus to Borobudur quickly! Yes, directly into Borobudur from Yogyakarta airport! The Damri bus may also take you to several additional areas like Magelang (Wisata Hotel, Tidar), Wonosari (Gunung Kidul area), Kebumen, Temanggung dan Wonosobo (if you are heading into Dieng). Their departure program is every hour! The schedule begins at Yogyakarta airport at 7 am. From the Airport into Borobudur costs IDR 75,000 each individual. It needs a minimum of two passengers to leave. If, sadly, you are by yourself, either simply pay for two people or wait another hour and they will depart!

Trans Jogja

If you have a budget problem, utilize Trans Jogja. It’s possible to get in Jogja. If your hotel is in the Malioboro region, then get the 1A bus route and after cease in “Garuda” shelter or simply notify the bus assistant that you would like to visit Malioboro or wherever you wanna go. What if your hotel is in the Prawirotaman region? Easy! Find the 3B bus route.

You can go right from the airport to Prambanan temple, in the airport, together with Trans Jogja. The travel is less than 30 mins away from the airport! This really is the way to get there. It’s possible to discover the Trans Jogja shield close to the automobile parking lot. It is simple to reach this by moving through the tube. To get to the tube, depart the entrance gate, then after the Information Centre, and before Dunkin Donuts (in your right side), turn left. That piece going down, that’s the tube.

To get the best shopping experience in Yogyakarta, make sure to research more about Yogyakarta before you visit. Get to know more about Yogyakarta and Indonesia by visiting Wonderful Indonesia.

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Surakarta: Experience the Traditional and Cultural Diversity


Solo, also known as Surakarta, is an appealing tourist destination for both scholars of both music and dance researchers. As a tourist, you can have a fantastic opportunity to watch and take part in the traditional art performance, and craft works. An excellent experience in is waiting for you in Solo.

  1. Balekambang Park

It is a beautiful city park, in the heart of Surakarta disperse over 9.8 hectares, constructed in the year 1921 by KGPAA Mangkunegaran VII because of his cherished two brothers. The park has two sections, called after the brothers GRAy Partini Hussein Djayaningrat and GRAy Partinah Sukanta, whose statues you can see in the park. The park is a home for many trees, a number are rare and very precious. Before it was a private playground for the Balekambang family, but afterward during the time of KGGPA Mangkunegaran VIII, the stadium opened to the general public. The park hosts many festivals such as Kethoprak Festival, Umbrella Festival, and the Children Games Festival. Previously, the park was used only by the Surakarta citizen and presently attracts many foreign tourists. The playground is available to the public with no entrance ticket.

  1. Museum Batik Danar Hadi

Batik is an undercover method of dyeing the fabric using hot wax. The Batik museum was constructed in 1967 by Santosa Doellah. He built the museum to preserve the art of Batik. The museum can be found in Slamet Riyadhi Street and contains batik displays from all around the places like China, Sumatra, Pekalongan, and so forth. MURI has also acknowledged the Batik museum for having a very substantial number of batik collection. The museum also stipulates the process of creating batik in the workshop. There are also fabrics with batik prints available which you may buy as souvenirs.

  1. Cetho Temple

The 15th-century Cetho Temple constructed during the Majapahit rule stands as fine craftwork constituting historical Javanese Roman culture. The temple is proof that Hindus residing in Indonesia just before the people converted to Islam. Situated 1400 m above the sea level, on the western slopes of Mount Lawu. To make it to the temple, one must go through forest and tea plantation surrounding it.

  1. Sukuh Temple

The 15th-century Cetho Temple constructed during Majapahit rule acts as odd craftwork constituting historical Javanese Hindu civilization. Cetho temple also referred to as Candi Ceto from the country, was assembled by the last Hindu ruler, Brawijaya V, who traveled by foot to Mount Lawu to create this temple. The temple is of tremendous significance for Hindus living in Indonesia as it is one of the main temples in the country present before the nation embraced Islam religion. Situated 1400 m above the sea level, on the western slopes of Mount Lawu. To reach the temple, an individual must go through woods and tea plantation surrounding it.

  1. Surakarta Hadiningrat Palace

The palace was constructed in the year 1745 after which ruler Pakubuwono II. The castle got many exotic and lovely sculptures together with ancient weapons. The quiet area of King isn’t open for public, but there are other exciting locations you can see, like the museum in Kasunanan area and Sanggabuwana tower. Many times, traditional festivals and festivals take place in the palace like Suro Night to celebrate Javanese New year and Sekaten that celebrate Muhammad’s birthday.

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Parangtritis: A Mystical and Enchanting Beach at Yogyakarta


Parangtritis is located at around 28 km from Yogyakarta. Kaliurang is the perfect distance to get away from the bustling city of Yogyakarta and enjoy the sound of the waves and the astounding atmosphere. Here you will see some incredibly green hills set against the backdrop of a raging ocean. With raging surf and salty sea breeze, it’ll be difficult not to feel refreshed and rejuvenated from the moment you arrive here. During the night, the light of the stars on the silvery black dunes provide the beach a feeling, and it’s not going to be challenging to comprehend why there are many myths about its region.

This entire region is full of beaches, caves, lakes, paths and gravesites, each with their very own cryptic story. What makes Parangtritis uniquely extraordinary is that it’s not only an enchanting vacation spot, it is also a place. According to the legend, whenever you come here, you’re going into the domain of Kanjeng Ratu Kidul, Queen of the Southern Ocean that isn’t famous for being welcoming to newcomers. For that reason, the Javanese won’t wear green or yellow-green around here because it is considered attractive to the Queen. In this beach, you may take in the sights of the waves, but you are not allowed to go into the water.

Rest in one of the temporary shelters that line of the beach, where for a small fee you can sit and enjoy any shade. Nearby Parangtritis is the hot springs, Parangwedang where, for a small fee, you may take a 15 minute and revel in the health advantages and rejuvenation which comes from bathing in the waters. Get Around. Walking along the coastline is the best method to marvel at the landscape here.

The simplest way to get at Parangtritis beach is to drive from Yogyakarta. It may be accomplished in two ways, through the village of Kretek or via a road that runs through Imogiri and Siluk village.

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Labuan Bajo


On the westernmost tip of the Island of Flores, in the town of Labuan Bajo, or also spelled Labuhan Bajo, sits a small fishing site peacefully with surprisingly comprehensive tourist facilities. The central logic for its wide range of amenities is the remarkable interest of travelers to the existence of the Komodo dragon, locally called ora, if not for its superb national park that encompasses some 80 islands.

To most travelers and also to westerners who own many companies here, the developing town is somehow favorable and even romantic. The view on wooden cottages with thatched roofs camouflaged by shrubberies and towering trees up in the sloping township, overlooking an idyllic harbor, make an evening conversation with traveling partners an unforgettable experience. For some adventurers, Labuan Bajo can be an ideal getaway.

Get There

Labuan Bajo is accessible by air, land, and sea. Its favorable location on the Island of Flores and entry port to the Komodo islands make Labuan Bajo a potential growing destination, aside to its rich agricultural potentials.

By Air

Flying to Labuan Bajo is feasible for the Komodo Airport is open for operation. Transnusa Airlines are directly connecting Labuan Bajo with numerous cities in Indonesia, like! Denpasar, Kupang, Ende, and Mataram. With connecting flights, Labuan Bajo is also connected with Kalabahi in Alor. It also connects with Bajawa, Sikka, Manggarai, and Larantuka via Ende, Kupang, Maumere, Ruteng, and Tambolaka. Please go to its website for more detailed flight schedules.


An overland trip across the Island of Flores is possible but pricey, connecting Labuan Bajo in the westernmost part to the renowned destinations in the eastern region. A bus from Denpasar, Bali, would probably go to Mataram in Lombok. From there you’re set to take a long overland adventure in the van to Bima, Sumbawa. In Bima, you’ll resume the exhausting trip to Sape. As you kiss the land in Sape, you may take a ferry to Labuan Bajo.

By Sea

It’s very convenient if you join one of the liveaboards serving Komodo and Flores. Many travelers come home satisfied following a week or longer on one of those around eastern Indonesia, as they get smart enough to choose the package, perfect timing, and best spots. Ensure that the time of visit and weather condition fit one another. Never speculate on one aspect which will put you hapless.

Once every fourteen days, Tilongkabila from PELNI is the ship cruising from Beno, Lembar, and Bima. It also crosses the Java Sea to Sulawesi’s east shore. Tatamailau through the same company plies Maumere, Timor, and West Papua.

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