What are the 3 stages of TB-Tan Rou Yi?



Tuberculosis (TB) or commonly known as ‘penyakit tibi’ is an infection caused by Mycobacterium Tuberculosis. It can affect any organ in the body, with lungs being the most commonly affected organ and associated with actively infectious TB.

Stages of Tuberculosis


TB spreads from one person to another through air droplets. When TB patients cough, sneeze or speak, they might produce an aerosol of droplets with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The people surrounding him are at risk of inhaling the infectious droplets and contracting the disease. The exposed person will not manifest any symptoms for the disease at such an early stage.

Latent Tuberculosis Infection

In this stage, macrophages which are the immune cells in the body detect the bacteria and trigger an immune response in which the bacteria were killed or engulfed. This process stops the multiplication of the bacteria and the progression of the disease. The overall immune process typically takes around 2-8 weeks. In this stage, newly infected people do not show any clinical symptoms and do not spread the disease to others. The presence of the bacteria is indicated by positive reaction towards Tuberculosis skin test (also known as the tuberculin or PPD test). In this test, an injection will be administered on the forearm and the doctor will evaluate the swelling on the site of injection after 24-48 hours. A positive result indicates a recent infection of 6-12 weeks ago with resulting immunity.

In healthy adults, the immune system is sufficient to suppress the bacteria. Most of the people will remain at this stage for their lifetime. However, when the immune system is weakened, it can lead to the reactivation of bacilli and progression of disease to the next stage, known as Tuberculosis disease. This can occur for example in chemotherapy patients receiving immunosuppressive therapy, or patients with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).

Tuberculosis disease

In this active stage, the immune system fails to suppress the infection. The bacteria multiplies and results in a large amount of TB bacteria in the body. Patients will experience symptoms such as prolonged cough lasting 3 weeks or longer, coughing out sputum or blood, fever, loss of appetite, unintended weight loss, fatigue and night sweats. Patients with active Tuberculosis disease are infectious in this stage. Positive sputum smear is an indication of this disease. Any confirmed cases might require isolation immediately to prevent the spread of this disease.


TB can be diagnosed with the presence of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis in large numbers from sputum smear.


Latent TB

Your healthcare provider might prescribe you with one antibiotic for 6 months or two antibiotics for a shorter course of treatment. Treatment is highly recommended even though patients of latent TB would not show any symptoms.

Active TB

You will be prescribed with four types of antibiotics in a course of 6 months or longer depending on the affected site. Compliance to the medication regime is highly recommended to prevent any mutation of the Mycobacterium Tuberculosis which can increase the severity of your illness. After receiving treatment for several weeks, patients are no longer infectious.


Tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The disease spreads from person to person through air droplets. In healthy individuals, the immune system itself is able to suppress the bacteria. A weakened immune system might lead to the reactivation of the disease and cause symptoms such as prolonged cough with purulent sputum, fever and weight loss. With the development of antibiotics to effectively cure the disease, there is a significant decrease in the cases of TB and death rate.

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Why You Need To Control Your Anger


Life becomes easier when you keep your emotions in check, which is why you can reap lasting rewards from controlling your anger. Anger is a normal part of life, but you don’t want to let it control you. That’s why different strategies can provide some much-needed support. Online anger management courses, for example, are a great way to get started.

Do you still wonder what life could be like if you kept a firm grip on your feelings? Here are some benefits that you could enjoy by soothing your anger and balancing your mind.

Preserve Your Relationships

It’s easy to get frustrated with the people around you, especially those who are closest to you. However, venting at the ones you care about will only drive you apart. Healthy relationships are built on kindness and respect. If you care about someone, then restraining yourself is a great way to show that. The last thing you want is to blurt out something that could bruise your relationship in the long-term.

Protect Your Health

Anger not only hurts those around you, but it also does damage to you as well. When you’re angry, your body can coil up and hold in stress. This may get you through the moment, yet it brings wear and tear that will leave your body worse off in the end. There are too many health issues related to anger, so it’s best to cool off before your body overheats.

Simplify Your Life

When you get frustrated over a problem, anger actually adds more problems to your already full plate. Instead of working to find a solution, anger encourages you to take out your frustration on yourself or others. It’s a distraction that prevents you from addressing the real issue at hand. Anger itself can become a problem, so don’t make life harder by succumbing to your emotions.

The better you can control your anger, the better you’ll feel on a daily basis. Consider the benefits of subduing your temper and invest in anger management strategies today.

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Top 6 Nutrition Tips For Healthy Skin


Beauty comes from within, yet many people center exclusively around what they put on their skin – cosmetics, creams, salves, lipstick, etc. Nutrition is significant for health. An unhealthy eating routine can harm your digestion, cause weight increase, and even harm organs, for example, your heart and liver. In any case, what you eat likewise influences another organ — your skin.

As researchers get familiar with the diet and the body, it’s undeniably certain that what you eat, for example, au gratin potatoes can fundamentally influence the wellbeing and maturing of your skin.

  • Eat more fruit and vegetable.

Fruit and vegetable decrease oxidative pressure, for example, au gratin potatoes, which are good sources of antioxidants. The interaction by which the collagen in your skin is harmed and makes wrinkles and lines. Besides, leafy foods help sustain sound cells, making your skin glow more, be all the more very much hydrated, and look better.

Likewise, leafy foods are brimming with carotenoids, which are amazing cell reinforcements and help skin look better and more youthful. Studies have discovered that those with the most significant level of carotenoids in their skin look better, more active, and more alluring to the other gender.

  • Increase your intake of Omega 3 fats and limit intake of Omega 6 fats.

Omega-3 fats are anti-inflammatory and great for skin and cell strength. Americans consume too many Omega 6 fats and not enough Omega-3 fats. You can acquire more Omega-3s by consuming deep-sea fish like salmon, nuts like walnuts and pecans, hemp seeds, flax seeds, olive oil, and avocados.

  • Reduce your sugar intake.

Sugar aggravates oxidative stress in the body and harms healthy skin. Sugar adds heavily to acne and other skin conditions. Sugar can also suppress your immune system, increases your chance of disease and infection, makes you inactive and weak, shoots up your insulin levels. au gratin potatoes contain a type of starch known as resistant starch, which helps to reduce body sugar

  • Drink more water.

DRINKING WATER is a key to good skin health. The body channels water from the skin to nourish other organs like the heart, liver, and lungs which are necessary for survival. Try to drink at least 8 glasses of water of the day.

  • Physical Activity & Sweat!

Exercise is great for overall health, lowering the risk of chronic diseases, and skin health! Your body needs to sweat to cleanse itself. Sweating helps improve skin health and remove excess toxins through the skin.

  • Rest

Stress reduction and relaxation help promote skin health and reduce wrinkles. The more untroubled you are, the better you will look. We all know what someone looks like who is always stressed out – they look more aged!

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How To Improve Your Child’s Brain Development


Children have rapidly developing brains that are constantly absorbing new information. These early developmental years are a crucial period in your child’s life. As a parent, you want to ensure you are doing everything you can to encourage healthy development and maximize your child’s potential.


Music is essential to healthy brain development, especially in young children. Children’s brains produce and develop enormous amounts of synapses that determine how your child thinks and acts. Music has been shown to directly interact with the brain and encourage positive activity. You may want to consider enrolling your child in a music program Calabasas CA.

Early exposure to music can do wonders for your child’s brain development. Listening to or reading music utilizes more functions of the brain such as problem-solving, and practicing music over time can enhance overall brain function. Music and its vibrations have a direct effect on your child’s mood and neurological systems.


Children also need a balanced and nutritious diet for their development and growth. Encourage healthy habits early on to support lifelong health. Ensure your child is eating plenty of fresh foods, whole grains and proteins. Look for real, fresh fruit and avoid the term “fruit flavor.” Fruit-flavored snacks are often filled with artificial ingredients and preservatives.

Along with fresh fruits and vegetables, you can introduce your child to new healthy snacks like organic yogurt, nuts or peanut butter. It’s also important to practice healthy portions. As long as they are eating enough at each meal, there is no need to force your child to finish or clear their plate. Everything should be eaten in moderation and create an overall well-balanced diet. If your child has allergy restrictions, consider alternatives that offer similar nutritional value.

Children grow up fast, which is why it’s important to provide them with the right tools to optimize their health. Exposing your child to healthy foods and music lessons early on can greatly benefit their later development and growth.

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2 Industries Flourishing During the Pandemic


The reality the American people are currently experiencing is like nothing anyone has ever seen before. People have not seen their friends and family members in months, and the social climate is tense and unfamiliar. However, there are people and businesses who are thriving in this strange new world. Here are two examples of industries that are currently flourishing.

  1. Delivery Services

With people spending more time than ever at home and away from everyone else, not only do home delivery services have more business than ever, but businesses that did not offer delivery before are now expanding their services to include deliveries. You can now schedule a pickup and delivery Valdosta GA from almost any restaurant, some retail stores, and websites like Amazon are more active than ever. Thanks to the internet, you can have provisions delivered to you from the comfort of your couch at any time.

  1. Entertainment

Another industry that is benefiting from people spending too much time on the couch is the entertainment industry. People have more time than ever to consume massive amounts of entertainment, and entertainers of all kinds are capitalizing on that. Not only are big-name Hollywood stars finding ways to continue their productions through social distancing guidelines, but independent creators, such as those and YouTube are pumping out content faster and more frequently than ever. The internet has made it possible for anyone to become an entertainer, and the decision to become an independent content creator has recently paid off for many.

The world is crazy right now, and it will likely continue to be crazy for the foreseeable future. However, if you can learn to navigate around the health and safety guidelines and the internet as a whole, you can create a lifestyle that feels similar to some kind of normalcy.

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WisepowderLithium Orotate, The Best Vitamin Intake For A Healthy Life

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The wisepowder Lithium orotate is a very good compound and gets the best advantages for the people, the lithium is very good for transporter and get the best prospect for the people and get the best benefits for the people and get the best for the people and have the advantage and have the best forms of having a good space for the people. The people get the best benefits for the various people, the people have the best benefits by getting a good base to be a very active ingredient. The people have the best benefit and get the best for the people.

How to know the working of the same

The people have a good base and help the people to get a good base and have the best for the people. The people get the best transporter molecule and get the best for the transport and have a broad range and get the best perspective for the various ways to get the best ways and have a good base for the people. The body is made to have an intracellular structure that helps the best for the people. The people have superior bio utilization and get the best advantage for the various people. the supplements have a good base and get the best benefits and help the people to get the best for their mind metabolism. 

Prospects of the supplements

The wisepowder Lithium orotate at is a good base for the people and helps the people to base the best results on the people to get the best advantages that are there. The people in the area have the best intramolecular structures like the various structures that are there for the people. the people have the best formulae for the various ways and get the best to have the various ways that are related to brain-derived neurotrophic and helps the people to get a good base for the various users that are put up by the people. the meds have a special deal at having the functionality to perform better cognitive skills that are there. The immune system is boosted and has the best supplements for the same, then the supplement also helps the people to relieve headaches that are there in the3 working-class family. 

Advantages of the supplements

 The best prospects are provided with the best intent for the people and availed to the people to have the best health supplement like wisepowder Anandamide (AEA) for the people, the advantages are-

  • Longevity promotion- the health of the people is increased to have good health and time, the people are supported with vitamins that are good for the health of the people and have the best advantages when needed.
  • Reduces the inflammation-has an immediate effect.
  • Has the best bone health-is good for bone nutrition.
  • Can even degrade alcohol consumption.


The people get the best benefits of the people and have the best wisepowder Lithium orotate intake to go on for the best life parts.


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Why Is Liposculpture So Popular?


Have you ever heard about the term liposculpture? Well, if you were looking into liposuction and the benefits that it offers, you have probably heard about liposculpture as well. This is a similar procedure, and before you decide that it is the right procedure for you, you should learn more about it.

You could check out the cosmetic surgery Campbelltown like ICCM or you can search more locally instead. This all depends on where you are from and the overall outcome you were hoping to achieve in the first place.


Find a good clinic with reputable doctors

 What is liposculpture?

Liposculpture is a surgical procedure. It is performed with tumescent fluids, and that will make your fat cells (body tissues) because firm and solid. The tumescent solution will make your body tissues expand, and thus it will make the process of sculpting a lot easier for your cosmetic surgeon.

On top of that, the tumescent fluid is also used as local anesthetic, as it will numb the area, also reducing the possibility of a lot of bleeding. It can also reduce the amount of bruising and swelling the patient experiences; but even so it is not odd for a patient to still experience some form of bruising and swelling.

How does liposculpture work?

Well, it works in a similar way to liposuction, as it is also design to work with stubborn fat. While the liposuction will remove the far from your body by suctioning it out, the liposculpture surgery is focusing more on sculpting your fat away, and not suctioning it.

This is why liposculpture is seen as an advancement to liposuction. In addition, the liposculpture is often suggested to people who are interested in body contouring. If you want to get rid of fat in certain areas where the fat is too stubborn to go away with regular exercise and diet, then you might be interested in liposculpture.

It’s more popular with women

There has been a steady grow in female patients who decided to try out liposculpture instead of the usual liposuction. This is because the liposculpture is a procedure that will focus on getting rid of fat in certain areas on your body, and thus giving you the shape that you’ve always wanted.

If you are interested in learning more about this procedure, you can check out liposculpture cost in Sydney. The online world is filled with all kinds of information, and you can search for the appropriate definitions of liposculpture, how it is done, what you need to know… etc.


Liposculpture is designed to target a certain area

Final word

There are many things to be considered no matter which procedure you are interested in. Each plastic and cosmetic procedure will have some risks involved and you need to be aware of the risks and the possible complications before you decide to go through with the surgery. So, make sure to schedule an appointment with your doctor and have a proper chat!

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Check Out These Cosmetic Procedures To Enhance Your Beauty


One of the best things about living in the modern world of today definitely have to be all the cosmetic procedures that a person can undergo. There are just so many ways to customize your own looks and correct the imperfections that you have on your body, or to enhance the already beautiful attributes that you have instead. Here are a couple of procedures that might interest you.

Breast augmentation

When it comes to surgical procedures, there is no procedure that is more popular than the one which revolves around breast enhancement. Today, you can find all kinds of takes on this procedure, and while clinics like Chelsea Cosmetics Melbourne focuses more on the traditional style of implants, there is also an option of transferring fat from another area of the patient’s body into the breasts.


A procedure that has been around since the early 1920s called liposuction does exactly as its name implies, which is sucking out fat tissue. While there were quite a lot of complications in certain cases with this procedure in the past, today, the procedure is perfected.

If you undergo a liposuction today at a professional beauty clinic, you are not only going to have fantastic results where you do not have any sagging skin, but your recovery time is going to be much faster compared to the liposuction done in the past as well.


Liposuction results are quite noticeable


Modern medicine brings quite a lot of unique procedures to the beauty clinics, and CoolSculpting tends to be one of them. If you are looking for a non-invasive way to remove fat from your body as you are afraid to go under anaesthesia, then this is the perfect option.

This procedure uses cold temperatures in order to freeze and then shatter the fat tissue under the skin. While this procedure is highly effective, those who tend to dislike cold temperatures might want to look for a different procedure.

Thread lifting

Aging is always a topic that pops up here and there when it comes to cosmetic procedures, and thread lifting is one of the modern options when it comes to reducing the age on the patient’s face via special threads that lift it up, hence where the name thread lifting comes from.

While various methods of reverting time on your face can be considered quite pricey, when it comes to the cost for thread lift in Melbourne according to Chelsea Cosmetics Melbourne, you can easily find out that it is quite affordable.


A thread lift can truly make someone appear much younger after the procedure is done

Final Word

It is very interesting to discover all the options that modern cosmetic procedures bring to the table, and who knows what kind of interesting methods and choices for body modification we are going to have in the future. There are already some minor cybernetic enhancements, will it go beyond that? We can only wait and see.

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Why People Have The Breast Revision Surgery

After some time, the breast implants need to be changed with new ones; whether it is because a lot of time passed or something went wrong. Keep in mind that the breast augmentation surgery does not always go as planned, and thus the revision might be necessary.

Many people tend to confuse the revision surgery with reconstruction breast surgery, which is not the same. The breast cancer surgeon Sydney is designed to reconstruct your breasts after they have been removed due to cancer, while the revision surgery is designed to correct implants.


The breast revision surgery can do wonders!

Breast revision surgery

How much do you know about this surgery? Well, the breast revision surgery is made to replace old implants to newer ones. This means that your implants will basically get an upgrade with the newer and better material, while also improving or changing the appearance of your breasts. This can also include:

  • Reduction or breast lift.
  • Either decreasing or increasing the size, style and shape of your new implants.
  • Reshaping your breast implant pockets, which will the also reposition the implants if necessary.

Why do women have breast revision surgery?

There are many reasons why women would want to have the breast revision surgery, starting from the fact that they might just want to change the shape and size of their breasts. Maybe you want to try a different style of implants too. In some cases, women want a revision surgery due to the pain they are feeling because of implants, or the fear of migration or rupture of the implants.

Talk to your doctor!

Over time, the implants will inevitable start to change, in both shape and size. This can create a feeling and appearance that you might not be that happy with. In most cases, your breast implants will have a warranty on the implant itself. However, after ten years, that warranty will expire, and no longer be covered. So keep that in mind.

The breast revision surgery is not really a standard routine. This is something that your doctor will tailor according to your needs and the results you were hoping to achieve. This is why it is important that you search for a board-certified surgeon and a good hospital in general.

If you are interested, you can check out the best breast implant revision surgeons in Sydney at Breast & Body Clinic or you can search locally. Just make sure that the hospital you choose is a good one, with many satisfied patients and a good reputation overall. Your wishes and desires is something that should come first!


It is important that you find a good doctor!

Final word

If you feel as if there is something wrong with your implants, or you are no longer satisfied with the shape and size, it is time to talk to your doctor. The first thing you should do is schedule a consultation with your doctor, and he or she will tell you what the correct next step is!

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What You Need To Know About Skin Cancer Treatment

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If you are looking into procedures that could help you deal with cancerous skin, you might have come across the laser surgery as well. The laser surgery is designed to use the wavelengths of very focused light beam with high-intensity, which will then shirt or destroy cancers, as well as pre-cancers. However, just like every other procedure, the laser surgery has its ups and downs.


Find a good doctor and schedule a consultation

Before you decide that this is the right procedure for you, it is important that you talk to your doctor. You could check out the PCLS Coffs Harbour if you are interested, or search more locally instead. Just make sure that the doctor and clinic you choose have a lot of experience and many satisfied patients. It is important that you have a proper talk with your doctor as well.

The laser surgery

It is important that you learn more about the surgery before you decide to go through with it. The laser surgery is designed to help shrink or get rid of cancers and pre-cancers. With the usage of lasers, there is bound to be less scarring, swelling and bleeding. In addition, the healing is much better, and there is a less of a chance for you to develop an infection.

What to expect?

If you are not sure what to expect, you should talk to your doctor. The first thing you should know is that the wound after the laser surgery will be painful for a couple of days after the surgery, and it takes about two to four weeks for it to heal. If you want the wound to heal properly you should pay attention to what your doctor has instructed you to do.

Will it work?

Whether the laser surgery will work for you or not all depends on each individual case. In most cases, however, the surgery is known to be an effective way of treating actinic keratosis. However, it should be used for low-risk cancers, so if you would like to know more and whether you are a good candidate for the surgery, you should talk to your doctor.

Before you decide to go through with the procedure, you will need to schedule a consultation where your doctor will examine you and tell you which the next step to recovery is. You can check out the skin cancer treatment in Coffs Harbour available at PCLS Coffs Harbour or search more locally instead, depending on where you are from. Make sure to schedule a consultation and listen to your doctor.


The laser surgery can be a great choice

Final word

As you can see, a lot of things need to be considered. That is why the safest option for you is to schedule a consultation with your doctor, and he or she will tell you whether the laser surgery is the right next step for you. Make sure to listen to your doctor, and tell them about your fears and worries when it comes to the surgery.

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